Asbestos can cause a number of different types of asbestos related pleural disease. These diseases affect the pleura, or the lining of the lung. These diseases are caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibres which have migrated through the lung into the pleura.
What are the symptoms?
When asbestos related pleural disease is significant enough, it can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath and cough, and in some instances, pain.
Types of asbestos related pleural disease that can cause symptoms include:
- diffuse pleural thickening – a thickening of the lining of the lung, the pleura;
- benign pleural effusion – a build up of fluid in the pleural cavity;
- rounded or folding atelectasis – a condition where the pleura folds into the lung, collapsing that area of lung.
The symptoms associated with asbestos related pleural disease can be severe. Asbestos related pleural disease can be significant enough to cause respiratory failure.